Freelancer标志如何运作 浏览工作 登录 注册 发布项目
Find Jobs
Hire Freelancers
Get Ideas
About
Resources
The ultimate guide to hiring a web developer in 2021 Web development: Front end vs back end

Top tips for back end web development

Whether you've just started in back end web development or you've been at it for awhile, these tips will help jumpstart your productivity and skills.
2020年1月21日 • 阅读需6分钟
封面照片

Become a pro back end developer with these tips

If you're a relative beginner in the world of back end web development, some pro tips will make your life easier
That's where we come in. No word of a euphemism here, but we've dabbled in the back end for quite some time now. We know some stuff.
But before we dive into all that, let's make sure that the absolute beginners among us know what they're getting into here. Let's have a quick layman's description of what back end development is.
Web development is essentially divided into three disciplines: front end, back end and full stack . The first deals with the part that users interact with. It's visual. Back end is all about data wrangling and handling servers, applications and databases. Full stack is a jack-of-both-trades, an almost mythical walker between worlds.
All that being said, if you're a developer who's exclusively “got much back” (if you'll excuse the Sir Mix-a-Lot parlance) you basically make a website possible, but not necessarily pretty.
Now that we're on the same (non-404) page, let's get to learning.

1. Focus on one side  

When you're still in the “I'm-not-sure-yet”-phase of considering web development, you really need to bite the bullet, pick a course and specialise. Trying to tackle the front and back end of the bull from the get-go is a good way to get overwhelmed and trampled. Pick the horns or the hind legs of a website.
Once you get your bearings with back end development, by all means take a look over the shoulder of a competent front end contemporary. Though it's true you do know the programming languages that this co-worker uses to a much higher degree, take note of their design work and learn to develop an artistic eye as well.
Maybe someday soon you'll use that as inspiration and become a full-stack “full package” dev who can do it all. But for now, dedicate yourself to becoming a Rembrandt of code instead of pixels.
One side-tip before we move on: If you do cross-pollinate your skills into a bit of front-end, for the love of Your Own Person Deity, do it in secret. If a stingy employer spots you “doing the work of two developers,” even badly, they might try to get you to take on extra responsibilities for no additional pay. We've seen it happen before. Once you go full stack it's hard to go back.

Featured Work in Website Design

Portfolio item image
Custom Design - Furniture Website
by mdataur15
Portfolio item image
E-commerce Website Design
by pilipenko2001
Portfolio item image
Woodmart - E-commerce Web Store
by freelancerasraf4
Portfolio item image
Danef - Landing Page
by AquimaWeb
 

2. Lay it all out  

You'd be amazed at how many of us don't do this. Take the time to make yourself sit down and figure out the basic framework of where you are now and what you wish to achieve with the project. That could be as basic as jotting down a list of stages.
How you do this is up to you. Some OG-types will gravitate to the pen and ink option, though an on-hand notebook is prone to scribbling and coffee spill destruction. You'd be better served using dedicated planning software like Writemaps (a website map tool), Workflowy (a wonderful manager of bullet lists) or Trello (a project board that lets you categorise and populate cards with info).
The benefits of not blindly charging ahead are many. You can highlight any roadblocks early in the project phase and figure out solutions from a distance. You can also easily keep your (potentially nagging) client, project manager or micro-managing CEO in the loop as to what you're doing exactly.
With the course of action set out in black and white, there's no chance that you'll over-promise and under-deliver as things go on.

3. Be proactive and scheduled

Now that you know how to get from scratching your head to tricked-out website, use the info to your advantage. Lay your grand scheme out to the folks who are expecting your output (think: bosses and the all-important client).
While having communication about things that haven't happened yet can allow people to mess with said plan, sometimes this is a blessing in disguise. New ideas and perspectives can be brought to bear. Miscalculations of the projects intent can be rectified. An especially clueless client may suggest you put a racing stripe down the side of a server to make it look better for their customers and to run faster, thus providing a hilarious anecdote to retell forever. Communication is good.
In order to maximise the benefits of the above, you'll want to schedule regular meetings with all involved. These pow-wows can be difficult to track of when you're a back end dev spending hours and hours with your head stuck in code. You should therefore look into reminder programs that jog your memory. IOS Reminders springs to mind; or you can go with Google Calendar if you've gone the Android route. If you want a multi-platform solution, try Evernote to easily whip up a checklist.

4. Get your finger on the pulse

Recognise and accept that as you're learning, back end development isn't some constant stuck in time. New programs, programming languages, techniques and server hardware are all evolving around you.
More often than not, these new ways of doing things cut out a lot of the tedium that you're currently bashing your head against. Basically, you needn't doggedly stick to perfection some mad bead sliding skillz on an abacus when your competitors have found and adopted a calculator solution to the same task. You need to keep abreast of your chosen discipline.
Personally, we recommend dedicated newsletters. One of the best in the biz is the Web Development Reading List. This weekly concern is a no-nonsense look at the hottest and most helpful innovations in the field of back-end development. Even better, you can access years and years worth of info in their backlogs located here .   
Alternatively, if you want to relegate your self-improvement time to your morning commute, go with a podcast. Syntax, a weekly show by full stack devs Wes Bos and Scott Tolinski, is a great place to start.
A podcast with greater frequency is Developer Tea (it comes out every few days and is more back end centric).

5. Perfect your core skills

Let's get the obvious skill out of the way first. A back end dev lives and dies on the knowledge of programming languages. Note the plural there. Don't stagnate by knowing one or even two.
Cultivate a respectable working knowledge of server-side languages like Java, JavaScript, C#, PHP, and others. The more multilingual you are, the more versatile you can be with accepting job offers and appeasing new clients.
The next skill you need to be well across is databases and SQL. Once again, knowing how to shuffle data around via a few means is always preferable to only knowing one technique.
Expose yourself to industry-standard programs like MySQL, SQL Server and PostgreSQL as a bare minimum requirement. Technically they all achieve the same thing — storing data in rows and columns within tables — but there are differences to learn. Knowing them ahead of time, before accepting a contract that uses these programs exclusively, will save you a bundle of stress.
Last but not least, learn to live and breath JSON and/or XML APIs. These days you can no longer assume that your work will be exclusively used on a web browser and a web app.
Increasingly you'll find that even low-end clients will offer a mobile app for Android or iOS to supplement along their traditional homepage. Yes, some of these can be served with JavaScript and the like, depending on complexity. But more likely the data retrieval going on here will require connection to an Application Programmer Interface (API).
Currently, the two most popular formats for API data are   JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) and eXtensible Markup Language (XML). You'd best get up to speed on each of these, because this is where back end development is heading in the future.

6. Abandon your post often

Let's wrap this up with the most painfully obvious tip imaginable, but also one that's routinely ignored.
Being a coder can make for quite a sedentary lifestyle. Sadly, reaching out to pick up another can of Red Bull isn't the workout routine your body craves. So do right by your hardware.
Use the aforementioned schedulers to give yourself a five minute breather every hour or so. Eat some lunch in a nearby park and get a bit of Vitamin D, or challenge a co-worker to some Fight Club-esque release in your company's open-air car park. Whatever it takes for you to clear your head, really.
Studies have shown that pushing reset on your brain every once in a while works wonders on just about project you're working on. Clear your cache and come back ready to create amazing things.

Freelance Website Design Experts

用户头像
的国旗 ✔ Webbook Studio, Ukraine @webbookstudio
15 USD / hour
5.0 (429条评论) PHP JavaScript XML Script Install Website Design
Visit profile
用户头像
的国旗 Olena K. @LEnaSIM
15 USD / hour
4.9 (394条评论) PHP JavaScript XML Website Design Graphic Design
Visit profile
用户头像
的国旗 RS Software @kabirchy
30 USD / hour
4.7 (1605条评论) PHP ASP Java JavaScript XML
Visit profile
用户头像
的国旗 gurjeetsingh344 @gurjeetsingh344
30 USD / hour
5.0 (297条评论) PHP ASP JavaScript .NET Website Design
Visit profile

相关故事

Web development: Front end vs back end
阅读需8分钟
The ultimate guide to hiring a web developer in 2021
阅读需11分钟
7 tips to become a better web developer
阅读需4分钟
How to hire a full stack web developer
阅读需7分钟
How to find and hire backend software developers 
阅读需5分钟

获得最新信息

订阅我们的新闻时讯,及时获取重要信息。
感谢订阅!请留意收件箱关注我们的下次更新。
该电子邮箱已被注册。
糟糕!出现了错误,请重新尝试。 如果问题仍然存在,请联系客服,并附上下面的错误信息:错误代码:

与我们的Technical Co-Pilots进行沟通来获得项目帮助

立即获得帮助

专为您推荐的文章

文章缩略图 Planning your startup
Our ultimate guide will help you write a business plan investors will be ripping out of your hands. Learn how to expertly craft each section of it.
22 min read
文章缩略图 Funding your startup
A million dollar business idea is useless if it remains written on a napkin. Learn the best ways of securing funding to build your dream.
26 min read
文章缩略图 Why you need a social media marketing strategy
Effective social media marketing is crucial your brand. Learn how to hire a social media expert to bring you maximum results for minimum investment
10 min read
文章缩略图 Building your business' website from the ground up
Learn the complete end-to-end process of building a successful website for your business in our comprehensive guide 
19 min read
已注册用户 发布工作总数
Freelancer ® is a registered Trademark of Freelancer Technology Pty Limited (ACN 142 189 759)
Copyright © 2022 Freelancer Technology Pty Limited (ACN 142 189 759)
加载预览
授予地理位置权限。
您的登录会话已过期而且您已经登出,请再次登录。